Born: 3 February 1898 Kuortane, Finland Died: 11 May 1976, Helsinki
Alvar Aalto was a finish architect and designer who is not only famous for his buildings which he considered to be a complete piece of art but also for his numerous designs of furniture and objects.
Bell tower of Kauhajärvi Church (1923), Municipal hospital, Alajärvi (1928), Defence Corps Building, Jyväskylä (1928), Municipal library, Viipuri (1935), Turun Sanomat newspaper offices, Turku (1930), Paimio Sanatorium, Paimio (1932), paper mill in Toppila (1931), Central University Hospital, Zagreb (1931), Villa Tammekann, Tartu (1932), Corso theatre, restaurant interior, Zürich (1934), Ahlstrom Sunila Pulp Mill (1938), Villa Mairea (1939), Finnish Pavilion at New York World’s Fair (1939), Sawmill at Varkaus (1945), Baker House (1948), Helsinki University of Technology (1949-1966), Säynätsalo Town Hall (1952), Kansaneläkelaitos (1957), House of Culture, Helsinki (1958), The Experimental House, Muuratsalo (1953), Home for Louis Carre, Bazoches (1958), Church at Vuoksenniska (1958), Post and telegraph office, Baghdad (1958), Town centre, Seinäjoki (1957-1987), KUNSTEN Museum of Modern Art Aalborg (1958-1972), Community Center, Wolfburg (1962), Enso-Gutzeit Headquarters, Helsinki, (1962), Aalto-Hochhaus, Bremen (1962), Institute of International Education, New York (1965), Regional Library of Lapland, Rovaniemi (1965), Finlandia Hall, Helsinki (1962-1971), Building for Västmanland-Dala nation, Uppsala (1965), Nordic House, Reykjavík, Iceland (1965), Mount Angel Abbey Library, St. Benedict (1970), Alvar Aalto Museum aka Taidemuseo, Jyväskylä (1973), Essen opera house, Essen (1959-1988)
Born: 21 May 1902, Pécs Died: 1 July 1981, New York City
Marcel Breuer was a german-american architect with hungarian roots. Before opening his own practice, he worked in the office of Walter Gropius. Together with Walter Gropius Marcel Breuer established the faculty of architecture at the Harvard University.
Australian embassy Paris (1931), Haus Harnischmacher, Wiesbaden (1932), Residential Buildings Doldertal, Zurich (1936), Gane-Pavillon, Bristol (1936), Hagerty House (1938), Breuer House (1939), J. Ford House (1939), Pennsylvania-Pavillon, New York (1939), Chemberlain Cottage (1940), Aluminum City Terrace housing project (1942–1944), Geller House (1945), Robinson House (1948), Breuer House II (1948), Pavillon at MoMa (1948), Clark House (1951), Pack House (1951), Dexter Ferry Cooperative House, Vassar College (1951), UNESCO Headquaters, Paris (1953), Haus Harnischmacher II (1955), Grieco House (1955), Starkey House (1955), Hooper House (1959),
Buildings for New York University (1964), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1966), Campus Center und Garage, University of Massachusetts Amherst (1965/69), House for Jaques Koerfer, Ascona/Tessin (1967), Buildings for Saint John’s University in Collegeville (1959-1975), Bryn Mawr School (1970), Workshopbuilding for Mundipharma (1973), HUD office building, Wash, IBM-Campus in Boca Raton, St. Francis de Sales Parish, Muskegon, Headquaters for Grosse Pointe Public Library, Grosse Pointe Farms (Michigan)
Born: 9 March 1902 Guadalajara, Mexico Died: 22 November 1988, Mexico-City
Luis Barragán was a mexican architect who received the Priztker-Pize in 1980.
Las Arboledas, Mexico City (1955–1961), Barragán House, Mexico City (1947–48), Jardines del Pedregal Subdivision, Mexico City (1945–53), Tlalpan Chapel, Mexico City (1954–60), Gálvez House, Mexico City (1955), Jardines del Bosque Subdivision, Guadalajara (1955–58), Torres de Satélite, Mexico City (1957–58), Cuadra San Cristóbal, Los Clubes, Mexico City (1966–68), Gilardi House, Mexico City (1975–77)
Born: 14 April February 1868 Hamburg, Germany Died: 27 February 1940, Berlin
Peter Behrens was a german architect and designer who started his professional career as a painter. He also has to be regarded as one of the pioneers of modern industrial and corporate design. Peter Behrens had been a important person in Modernist movement, some of the later famous architects like Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius worked in his practice in their early years.
House Behrens, Darmstadt (1901), House Obenauer, Saarbruecken (1906), Crematory, Hagen (1908), Turbine-Hall for AEG, Berlin (1909), House Schroeder, Hagen (1909),
Factories for AEG, Berlin (1909), Vila Cuno, Hagen (1910), Boatgarage for AEG (1910), Gasplant, Frankfurt (1911), Homes for AEG-workers, Henningsdorf (1911), administration building for Mannesman, Duesseldorf (1912), German Embassy St Petersburg (1912),
House Goedecke, Hagen (1912), House Wiegand, Berlin (1912), Factories for AEG (1912), administration building Continental, Hannover (1914), Factory for small engines, AEG, Berlin (1913), Officebuilding Frank & Lehman, Collogne (1914),
Buidlgin for NAG, Berlin (1917), Waldsiedlung Lichtenberg, Berlin (1915), Worker’s homes, Hamburg (1919), administration building Hoechst AG, Frankfurt (1925), administration building, Oberhausen (1925), St benedikt College, Salzburg (1926), House at Weißenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart (1927),
metro-stations in Berlin (1929), Franz-domes-Hof, Wien (1930), House Lewin, Berlin (1929), residential buildings, Berlin-Westend (1930), Villa Gans, Kronberg (1931), synagogue in Zilina (1931), tobacco factory, Linz (1935), Alexanderhaus & Berolinahaus, Berlin (1932), architect’s house in Hohenlanke (1937)
Born: 6 October 1887 La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland Died: 27 August 1965, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Monaco
Le Corbusier was a swiss architect and designer. He is considered one of 20th century’s most important and influential architects. The pseudonym Le Corbusier which he used from the 1920 is a derivate of his grand-grandfather’s name who was a mentor to him.
Villa La Roche, Paris (1923), Villa Jeanneret, Paris (1925), Villa Savoye, Poissy-sur-Seine (1928), Cité du Refuge, Paris (1929), Immeuble Clarté, Geneva (1931), Tsentrosoyuz, Moscow (1933), Unité d’Habitation, Marseille (1947-1952), United Nations headquarters, New York City (1949-1952), Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp (1950-1954), Maisons Jaoul, Neuilly-sur-Seine (1951), Buildings in Ahmedabad, India (1951), Unité d’Habitation of Nantes-Rezé, Nantes (1952), Buildings in Chandigarh, India: Palace of Justice, Museum and Gallery, Secretariat Building, Govenor’s Palace, Palace of Assembly, Government College of Art and College of Architecture (1952-1959), Maison du Brésil, Cité Universitaire, Paris (1957), Sainte Marie de La Tourette, Lyon (1957-1960), Unité d’Habitation of Berlin (1957), Firminy-Vert: Unité d’Habitation of Firminy, Maison de la culture de Firminy-Vert (1964-1969), Heidi Weber Museum, Zurich (1967)
Born: 12 July 1895, Milton Died: 1 July 1983, Los Angeles
Richard Buckminster Fuller was an american architect, designer, writer, philosophist and futurist. He published more than 30 books and is famous for his geodesic domes of which over 500.000 have been build worldwide.
Dymaxion House (1928), Dymaxion Automobile (1933), Worldmaps (1940), tensigrity structures, geodesic domes: Seagaia Ocean Dome, Multi-Purpose-Arena, Nagoya, Tacoma Dome, Superior Dome at Northern Michigan University, Walkup Skydome at Northern Arizona Univrsity, Poliedro de Caracas, Round Valley highschool Stadium, Former Spruce Goose Hangar, Formosa Plastic Storage Facility, Union Tank car Maintenance Facility, Lehigh Portland Cement Storage Facility, The Eden Project, Spaceship Earth at Epcot Center, US Pavilion at Expo ’67 in Montreal, The Golden Dome in Oklahoma City, Dome in Ankara
Name: Walter Adolf Georg Gropius
Born: 18 May 1883, Berlin Died: 5 July 1969, Boston
Walter Gropius was a german architect and founder of the Bauhaus School. Walter Gropius is one regarded as one of the pioneers of modern architecture.
Fagus Factory, Alfeld (1911), Buildings at the Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne (1914), Sommerfeld House, Berlin (1921), Bauhaus School and Faculty-Housing, Dessau, Germany (1925-1932), Village College, Cambridge, England (1936), 66 Old Church Street, London (1936), The Gropius House, Lincoln (1937), Waldenmark, Wrightstown Township (with Marcel Breuer, 1939), Aluminum City Terrace housing projec (1944), Harvard Graduate Center (1950), Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago (1959), University of Baghdad (1960), John F. Kennedy Federal Office Building, Boston (1963), Peter Thacher Junior High School (1948), Murchison House, Provincetown (1959), Pan Am Building (1963), Interbau Apartment blocks, Hansaviertel, Berlin (1957), Temple Oheb Shalom (1960), Gropiusstadt building complex, Berlin (1960), Wayland High School (1961), Embassy of the United States, Athens (1961), Glass Cathedral, Amberg (1968), Tower East, Shaker Heights, Ohio (1969)
Name: Arne Emil Jacobsen
Born: 11 February 1902 Copenhagen, Denmark Died: 24 March 1971, Copenhagen
Arne Jacobsen was a danish architect and designer who with his work not only contributed to the funcionalist movement of his time but also is famous for his furniture-designs
Bellevue Beach, Klampenborg (1932), Bellavista residential complex, Copenhagen (1931–34), Bellevue Theatre and restaurant, Klampenborg (1935–36), Skovshoved Petrol Station, Copenhagen (1936), Stelling House, Copenhagen (1934–37), Søllerød Town Hall, Copenhagen (1938–42), Århus City Hall (1939–42), Rødovre Town Hall, Denmark (1952–56), Alléhusene housing, Gentofte (1949-1953), Glostrup Town Hall, Copenhagen (1958), Munkegaard School, Copenhagen (1957), SAS Royal Hotel, Copenhagen (1958–60), Toms Chocolate Factory, Copenhagen (1961), National Bank of Denmark, Copenhagen (1965–70), Landskrona Sports-Hall, Sweden (1965), St Catherine’s College, Oxford (1964–66), Mainz City Hall, Germany (1966–73), Christianeum School, Hamburg (1970–71), HEW Vattenfall Europe, Hamburg (1970), Royal Danish Embassy, London (1976–77) Read More
Born: 10 December 1870, Brünn (Brno), Austria-Hungary Died: 23 August, Kalksburg
Adolf Loos was a very influentual entity in European Modern Architecture. Along with his essay Ornament and Crime, in which he abandoned the aesthetic principles of the Vienna-Secession, Adolf Loos contributed in many other writings to the elaboration of a body of theory and criticism of modernism in Architecture a lot.
Café Museum (1899), Field Christian Cross (1907), American Bar (1908), Steiner House (1910), Goldman & Salatsch Building (1910), Scheu House (1913), Sugar Mill (1915), House for Sugar Mill Owner (1917), Rufer House (1922), Maison Tzara (1925), Villa Moller (1926), Villa Müller (1928), Khuner villa (1929), Villa Winternitz (1932), Many Residential Buidlings in Pilsen (1928-1933)